Ali Khan Mahmudabad teaches political science and history at Ashoka University and is a national spokesperson for the Samajwadi Party. He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge and previously studied in the United States and in Syria. He conducts research in a number of languages and regularly contributes to print and online publications. Ali is the author of “Poetry of Belonging: Muslim Imaginings of India 1850-1950” published by the Oxford University Press. The book focuses on the exploration of north-Indian Muslim identity through poetry at a time when the Indian nation-state did not exist. He’s also the translator of Break of Dawn (Penguin), an Urdu novel about 1857.